Background: The present study was the first attempt to explore the characteristics of ginsenoside-Rg3 (Rg3) on release of catecholamines (CA) in the perfused rat adrenal medullae and also to verify the underlying action mechanism. Materials and Methods: The adrenal medulla was separated by some modification of the previous method and perfused with Krebs solution. CA was assayed directly by the fluorometry. Results: Rg3 reduced acetylcholine (ACh)-produced CA release in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Rg3 time-dependently depressed CA release produced by 3-(m-chloro-phenyl-carbamoyl-oxy)-2-butynyltrimethyl ammonium chloride (McN-A-343), 1,1-dimethyl-4-phenyl piperazinium iodide, and angiotensin II. In the presence of Rg3, the CA release produced by high K+, veratridine, cyclopiazonic acid, and methyl-1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-3-nitro-4- (2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-pyridine-5-carboxylate (Bay-K-8644) was also markedly suppressed. However, during the simultaneous perfusion of Rg3 and Nω-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (l-NAME), the release of CA produced by ACh, angiotensin II, Bay-K-8644, and veratridine was restored closely to the level of each control, in contrast to that of Rg3-treatment alone. The nitric oxide (NO) release was significantly elevated by Rg3-treatment. Furthermore, in the coexistence of Rg3 and fimasartan, ACh-produced CA release was more significantly reduced as compared to that of fimasartan-treatment alone. Conclusions: We present the first evidence that Rg3 markedly depresses the CA secretion produced by activation of neuronal cholinergic and angiotensinergic receptors. Rg3-produced inhibition appears to be evoked not only by blocking the inflow of Na+ and Ca2+ into adrenomedullary cells but also by preventing the Ca2+ release from intracellular storage, partly through enhancement of NO release by NO synthase activation. Coadministration of Rg3 and fimasartan may be clinically beneficial for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.