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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 5: Inhibitory effect of HN on pro-inflammatory cytokine production in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells. TNF-α was quantified by ELISA. (A) Cells were incubated with various concentrations of HN for 24 h. (B) Protein levels were determined by ELISA. Data are mean ± SD (n = 3) of three independent experiments. ###P < 0.001, compared with the untreated control; **P < 0.01 and ***P < 0.001, compared with the LPS-treated control

Figure 5: Inhibitory effect of HN on pro-inflammatory cytokine production in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells. TNF-α was quantified by ELISA. (A) Cells were incubated with various concentrations of HN for 24 h. (B) Protein levels were determined by ELISA. Data are mean ± SD (<i>n</i> = 3) of three independent experiments. ###<i>P</i> < 0.001, compared with the untreated control; **<i>P</i> < 0.01 and ***<i>P</i> < 0.001, compared with the LPS-treated control