Pharmacognosy Magazine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 79  |  Page : 532--539

Anticancer potential of Piper retrofractum on breast cancer MCF-7 cells via induction of cell death and reduction of cell migration


Benjaporn Buranrat 
 Faculty of Medicine, Mahasarakham University, Muang, Maha Sarakham, 44000, Thailand

Correspondence Address:
Benjaporn Buranrat
Faculty of Medicine, Mahasarakham University, Muang, Mahasarakham
Thailand

Background: Piper retrofractum (PR) is traditional medicine in the South-East country. Objectives: This study examined the PR effects on anticancer and anti-migratory activity in human breast cancer cells. Materials and Methods: Determination of cancer cell death by the sulforhodamine B, colony formation, flow cytometry methods. Mechanism-induced cells death was assessed by intracellular reactive oxygen species generation, caspase 3 activity, mitochondrial function, gene expression, and protein expression. Results: The ethanolic extract of PR had higher effects against MCF-7 cells than DW extract expressing the high levels of piperine. The extracts stimulated cell death in MCF-7 cells and induced apoptosis with increasing caspase 3 activity, ROS generation, and decreasing mitochondria function. Moreover, the extract also inhibited gene-related cell proliferation, cdk2, cdk4, and ckd6, and altered protein-related cell growth, cyclin D1 reduction and p21 induction. Finally, the extract caused inhibition of cells migration by reducing MMP 9 levels. The extracts of PR stimulated MCF-7 cells death in association with increasing apoptosis and inhibiting cancer cells migration. The induction of cancer cell death may be through modulating mitochondrial function. Conclusion: These extracts may be a novel strategy to improve the efficacy of chemotherapy to treat MCF-7.


How to cite this article:
Buranrat B. Anticancer potential of Piper retrofractum on breast cancer MCF-7 cells via induction of cell death and reduction of cell migration.Phcog Mag 2022;18:532-539


How to cite this URL:
Buranrat B. Anticancer potential of Piper retrofractum on breast cancer MCF-7 cells via induction of cell death and reduction of cell migration. Phcog Mag [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Oct 5 ];18:532-539
Available from: http://www.phcog.com/article.asp?issn=0973-1296;year=2022;volume=18;issue=79;spage=532;epage=539;aulast=Buranrat;type=0