Pharmacognosy Magazine

: 2021  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 75  |  Page : 399--405

Scientometric analysis of pharmacognosy magazine: A decade of quality publishing

M Chaman Sab1, Mallikarjun Kappi2, KK Mueen Ahmed3,  
1 SBC First Grade College for Women and Athani P. G. Centre, Davanagere, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Library and Information Science, Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta, Karnataka, India
3 Phcog.Net, 9, Vinse Towers, First Floor, Wheeler Road Extension, St., Thomas Town, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
K K Mueen Ahmed
Phcog.Net, 9, Vinse Towers, First Floor, Wheeler Road Extension, St., Thomas Town, Bengaluru, Karnataka


Objective: This study attempt to quantitative assessment of journal productivity by the number of articles published in Pharmacognosy Magazine publications between 2011 and 2020. The present study provides a detailed scientometric analysis of publications by year-wise and citation count, document type, highly productive institutions, highly productive authors, most cited papers, country collaborations, and most used keywords of the journal. Methodology: The publication data on Pharmacognosy Magazine publications have been retrieved by using Web of Science database and the journal web page. The collected data were tabulated using MS Excel, later, we used the VOSviewer and biblioshiny for network graphs. Results: Results found that the 1494 publications and average citations per author 5.807. Average publication per year is 4.51, average citations per documents is 5.807, and majority of publications are published as articles, i.e. 1477, total 1574 institutes contributed 1494 papers, 29 (1.941%) papers published by single author, and the rest 1465 papers were published in collaborations. Conclusion: These results indicate that Pharmacogn Mag is one of the leading journals in where the journal is indexed, with publications from a wide range of authors, institutions, and countries around the world. The study summarizes using various scientometric techniques and analyzing the journal impact, prominent topics, most prolific authors and their affiliations, collaborative countries output, and most used keywords.

How to cite this article:
Sab M C, Kappi M, Mueen Ahmed K K. Scientometric analysis of pharmacognosy magazine: A decade of quality publishing.Phcog Mag 2021;17:399-405

How to cite this URL:
Sab M C, Kappi M, Mueen Ahmed K K. Scientometric analysis of pharmacognosy magazine: A decade of quality publishing. Phcog Mag [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Dec 8 ];17:399-405
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“Pharmacognosy Magazine” is a peer-reviewed open-access natural products journal published on behalf of “Pharmcognosy Network Worldwide.” It publishes articles on pharmacology, natural products, phytochemistry, and phytopharmacology. The journal is indexed with Web of Science (WoS) (Science Citation Index Expanded), EMBASE, Indian Science Abstracts, Emerging Sources Citation Index, Baidu Scholar, CNKI, EBSCO Publishing's Electronic Databases, Ex Libris – Primo Central, Google Scholar, Hinari, Infotrieve, National Science Library, ProQuest, TDNet, and Wanfang Data. In its 1st-year publications in 2005, there are four issues with nine articles, and then, it published four issues each year and along with 2013 onward started supplementary issues, and now, it has worldwide distribution to researchers, decision-makers, and educators. According to the 2019 Journal Citation Reports of WoS shows that Pharmacognosy Magazine had an impact factor of 1.31, and its quartile was Q4 in the WoS category of Chemistry, Medicinal. This study presents a general analysis of Pharmacognosy Magazine publications using bibliometric methods.

In this study, bibliometric methods are applied to determine the developed structure and citation pattern of Pharmacognosy Magazine to present an overview of the journal's publications during 2001 and 2020 from a general perspective. First, classic bibliometrics is used to find significant “publications, authors, institutions, and countries” based on the total number of papers, citations, and citation thresholds. Second, network visualization analysis is applied to illustrate the citation connections and research topics by the VOSviewer software and bibliometrix R, including citation networks, cocitation networks, coauthorship, and cooccurrence networks. Moreover, the most cited journals and common author keywords are also presented to compare differences in research interests based on Pharmacognosy Magazine publications.

Related work and research objectives

Many researchers around the world have conducted various bibliometric studies to understand how the publications of a particular journal are distributed. Most of these studies are directed at popular journals in specific disciplines on a global level. Marisha[1] conducted a scientometric of current science. The journal's publications have been analyzed for 28 years (1990–2017). Numerous different parameters are analyzed, such as research output pattern, cooperation trend, citation pattern, contributing countries and organizations, and highly cited articles. Keyword cooccurrence charts have also been generated to analyze important research topics and their trends over the years.

Many researchers[2],[3],[4] examined the “Indian Journal of Marketing,” “Current Science,” and “Indian Journal of Chemistry” based on research publications during 2013–2019, 2015–2019, and 2005–2009. The focus of the analysis is to find the geographic distribution of the article, the citation analysis, the authorship pattern, the citation pattern, and the important reference sources. Similarly, by manually dividing the publications into four main chemical fields for topic analysis, subdividing them into 45 categories, and determining the number/percentage of articles in each category.

Few papers[5] have analyzed the publication pattern of the “Flavours and Fragrance Journal” during 2000–2019 using Scopus database. Using various Scientometric indicators, studied “Relative Growth Rate,” “Annual Growth Rate (AGR),” “Doubling Time,” “Compound AGR,” “Lotka's Law of Scientific Productivity,” “Authorship pattern” specifically the “Collaborative Index,” “Collaborative Co-efficient, Modified Collaborative Co-efficient,” and other basic indicators.

The Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research was analyzed in two separate papers by the different authors at various periods, i.e. 1996–2006 and 2007–2017.[6],[7] Both studies were highlighted and identified the annual growth of publication and citation, authorship pattern, most prolific organizations, countries, citation profile, international contribution.

The analysis of the “Biomedical Journal of Iran”[8] is based on the results of the cross-sectional description and scientometric analysis. The data are collected from the PubMed, Scopus, and SCImago databases (2000–2017). Using various scientometric indicators, the number of citations, publications, CiteScore, SJR, SNIP, self-citations, and Q trends (quartile) are analyzed.

A bibliometric study was conducted on scientific research publications published in Food Chemistry Journal during 1976–2016 using Scopus database. The assessment finds the most cited papers, productive authors, and the foremost institutions and countries of the journal, using the various bibliometric indicators and examined the 20,050 publications, out of that 19,389 were articles, The China Ministry of Education is the most effective institution.[9]

The objectives of the study include.

To assess year-wise distribution of publications and citation countTo determine the authorship pattern and degree of collaboration (DC)To find the document type of publicationsTo analyze the top 20 highly productive institutionsTo find out the top 20 highly productive authorsTo examine the top 20 most cited papers published in Pharmacognosy MagazineTo identify the top 20 most productive country-wise distributionTo evaluate the top 20 most used keywords.


Groos and Pritchard[10] argued that bibliometric analysis is a technique that uses statistical tools to analyze bibliographic data. According to Hota et al.,[11] bibliometric methods are also beneficial in screening the intellectual structure of a research area. It is the most widely used method for constructing a broad overview of a journal.[12] For example, a study[13] provides a bibliometric analysis on 15 years of Journal of Consumer Research for Journal of Advertising,[14] for Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing.[15]

For this bibliometric analysis study using data accessed from the WoS database and the journal website. In the advanced search, we used the publication name. The scope of the research limited for 10 years from 2011 to 2020, reflecting all the published work on the subject. There was no restriction on types of documents published during the study period. We characterized the publishing tendency by describing basic features by analyzing the year-wise distribution, authors output, authorship pattern and coauthorship relations, institutions, and countries. The collected data were tabulated using MS Excel, later, we used the VOSviewer and biblioshiny for network graphs.


Sample data details during 2011–2020

The bibliographic records for this analysis were searched in the WoS database from 2011 to 2020 on May 12, 2020. The [Table 1] describes the details of the total bibliographical data.{Table 1}

Research output and citation count

We measured journal productivity by the number of articles published in the journal, while journal impact is measured by its number of citations.[16] [Table 2] presents the Pharmacognosy Magazine's annual citation structure. Results found that the 1494 publications and average citations per author are 5.807. Pharmacognosy Magazine published 58 publications in 2011, 234 publications in 2017, and 204 in 2020. Pharmacognosy Magazine highest citations have found 1647 in 2015 and lowest citations (33 citations) identified in the year 2020. Collectively, these data indicate that the journal has escalated both in terms of productivity and influence.{Table 2}

Document type of publications between 2011 and 2020

This study has observed a total of 1494 publications in Pharmacognosy Magazine. It has been observed from [Figure 1]; there are many document types are used by scientists to publish their research articles Pharmacognosy Magazine. The majority of publications are published in the form of articles, i.e. 1477 followed by Editorial Material 13, and Letter 3 and Correction 1 records are published during the period of 10 years.{Figure 1}

Authorship pattern and degree of collaboration

[Table 3] displays the authorship pattern of the Pharmacognosy Magazine. This journal was published 29 (1.941%) papers by single author and the rest 1465 papers were published in collaborations. It shows that collaborative authorship is widely used and accepted in this era.{Table 3}

The DC formula proposed by Subramanyam,[17] which is useful for calculating the DC in quantitative terms. The formula is as follows.


Where C = DC,

NM = Total of multi-authored papers,

NS = Total of single-authored papers,

Thus, the DC is 0.914 in 2011, 0.911 in 2012, and 0.926 in 2013, so on. The average DC is 0.968 during the study period.

Top twenty most productive institutions

A total 1574 institutes contributed 1494 papers. Top 20 productive institutions contributed over 16 publications spread over in 20 ranks listed in [Figure 1] and [Table 4]. Council of Scientific Industrial Research (CSIR) Institutions (India) has contributed highest number of publications (3.882%) with highest 256 citations with 256 citations followed by Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine (People's R China) contributed 35 (2.343%) publications with 239 citations, Pusan National University (South Korea) contributed 30 (2.008%) publications with 110 citations, Kangwon National University (South Korea) contributed 29 (1.941%) publications with 156 citations; People's R China is highest affiliated institutes produced. Jiangsu University (People's R China) is top citations contributions with 317 citations, followed by CSIRs (India) with 256 citations.{Table 4}

Top twenty most productive author's from pharmacognosy magazine

[Figure 2] and [Table 5] list the twenty top most contributing authors to the Pharmacognosy Magazine. Ma, Choong Je, Kangwon National University, Institute of Bioscience and Biotech., Chunchon (South Korea) and Shen, YP; Yang, H, Naniangsu Univ, Sch Pharm, Dept Chinese Mat. Med. and Pharm (People's R China) are top contributors to Pharmacognosy Magazine with 20 publications each, followed by Weon, Jin Bae, Kangwon Natl Univ, College Biomed Science; Dept Med Biomat Engineering (South Korea) contributed 18 publications. Jin, Song-Heng, affiliated with Zhejiang Agr. and Forestry University, Jiyang Coll, Zhuji (People's of China) institute has achieved 126 citations.{Figure 2}{Table 5}

Top twenty most highly cited papers from pharmacognosy magazine

Identifying the most cited articles published in Pharmacogn. Magazine is one of the methods for assessing the road of progress in Pharmacognosy Magazine.[18] What are the most highly cited articles at different periods in the journal of Pharmacognosy Magazine history? One measure of an articles influence is its number of citations.[19] [Table 7] presents the most highly cited Pharmacognosy Magazine articles between 2011 and 2020. To locate the most influential articles published by Pharmacognosy Magazine, we ranked the articles with at least 20 highly cited papers [Figure 3] and [Table 6]. “The article comparative study of rosmarinic acid content in some plants of Labiatae family”[20] is the most frequently cited article of Pharmacognosy Magazine with one hundred sixteen citations followed by (2) “The molecular basis of the ant diabetic action of quercetin in cultured skeletal muscle cells and hepatocytes”[21] with 61 citations, (3) “Curcumin increases rat mesenchymal stem cell osteoblast differentiation but inhibits adipocyte differentiation”[22] with 58 citations among the list of top 20 most cited Pharmacognosy Magazine.{Figure 3}{Table 6}{Table 7}

Country collaboration

The global publication share of the top 20 most productive countries in Pharmacognosy Magazine publications between 2011 and 2020 is shown in [Table 6] and [Figure 4]. People's R China tops the list, with a share of 30.254%, followed by India ranks second with 28.38% share, South Korea (9.438%), Saudi Arabia (6.359%), Brazil (5.422%), Malaysia (5.355%), and Egypt (4.418%).{Figure 4}

Keyword's analysis

[Figure 5] indicates the analysis of the most frequently used keywords during the years 2011–2020. The 7346 unique keywords used during the study period. [Figure 5] shows that the font size and background color yellow represent the highest numbers of keywords occurrence similarly, the word “antioxidant” with 199 time, “apoptosis” with 177 time, and “extract” with 134 and got third position, respectively.{Figure 5}


The conclusion of this paper can be very use for policymakers of Pharmacognosy Magazine to encourage the journal activities. The scientometric analysis, presented here, has calculated all the published documents in Pharmacognosy Magazine over a period of 10 years (2011–2020). This analysis reveals the journal metrics, which can be important for the authors when submitting an article to Pharmacognosy Magazine. Scientometric studies calculated in this journal highlight the bibliometric measures to characterize the publication productivity and citation count. The highest number of papers published in the year 2017 with 234 publications. Ma, Choong Je is the leading author from Kangwon National University, Institute of Bioscience and Biotech., Chunchon (South Korea). has been producing highest number of the articles as compared to others. People's R China is the topmost productive country, and CSIR, India, is the topmost productive institution, it was also noted that most citations received from the paper Comparative study of rosmarinic acid content in some plants of Labiatae family by Shekarchi, Maryam, et al. with 116 citations. The keywords analysis revealed that words such as “antioxidant,” “apoptosis,” and “extract” were mostly used in published papers. These papers from of Pharmacognosy Magazine publications between 2011 and 2020. However, more article types are recommended for the improvement of citations in Pharmacogn Mag.

Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.


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