Pharmacognosy Magazine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 52  |  Page : 791--800

Phytochemical study of Aegle marmelos: Chromatographic elucidation of polyphenolics and assessment of antioxidant and cytotoxic potential


Farina Mujeeb1, Ahamad Faiz Khan2, Preeti Bajpai1, Neelam Pathak1 
1 Department of Biosciences, Integral University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Bioengineering, Integral University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Neelam Pathak
Department of Biosciences, Integral University, Lucknow - 226 026, Uttar Pradesh
India

Background: The antioxidant potential of medicinal plants has been illustrated through many reports clearly depicting that plants are a rich source of antioxidants, making them a great resource of novel drugs and health-care products. Objectives: The current study is, therefore, focused toward the assessment of antioxidant properties along with the presence of phytochemicals in leaves of 18 varieties/accessions of Aegle marmelos. Materials and Methods: The antioxidant activities were initially measured using superoxide radical scavenging method, 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), and ferric-reducing ability of plasma assays. Further, thin-layer chromatography (TLC), high-performance TLC, and column chromatography were performed to isolate the potentially active fraction and anti-inflammatory activity of crude, and the isolated fraction was tested on J774 macrophage cell line. Results: The maximum inhibition of superoxide anions was shown by Pant Aparna. Additionally, Pant Aparna extract was most efficient, exhibiting 92.0% inhibition in scavenging the DPPH radicals. The content of total carotenoids was found to be higher in Pant Aparna among all the varieties/accessions. Furthermore, the crude extract and the fraction A. marmelos methanolic fraction 21 (AMMF21) were found to be nontoxic and significant reactive oxygen species, and NO inhibition was observed in a concentration-dependent manner. Moreover, the methanolic extract of variety Pant Aparna showed promising in vitro antioxidant activity, indicating its potency for therapeutic applications. Conclusion: In brief, this is the first ever report on Pant Aparna as the best variety in terms of phytocompounds and identification of potential antioxidant activity. In addition, the AMMF21 fraction of methanolic extract possessing best antioxidant activity on macrophage cells indicates its use as a novel phytotherapeutic agent. Abbreviations used: AMMF21: Aegle marmelos methanolic fraction 21, DPPH: (2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl), FRAP: Ferric-reducing ability of plasma, HP-TLC: High-performance-thin-layer chromatography, TLC: Thin-layer chromatography, TCA: Trichloroacetic acid, TPTZ: 2,4,6-Tripyridyl-s-triazine, DNPH: 2,4-dinitrophenyl hydrazine, NBT: Nitroblue tetrazolium, NADH: Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, PMS: Phenazine metho-sulfate, DMEM: Dulbecco's modified Eagle medium; MTT: (3-(4,5-dimethythiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide, DCFDA: 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate, LPS: Lipopolysaccharide, NED: N-(1-Naphthyl) ethylenediamine.


How to cite this article:
Mujeeb F, Khan AF, Bajpai P, Pathak N. Phytochemical study of Aegle marmelos: Chromatographic elucidation of polyphenolics and assessment of antioxidant and cytotoxic potential.Phcog Mag 2017;13:791-800


How to cite this URL:
Mujeeb F, Khan AF, Bajpai P, Pathak N. Phytochemical study of Aegle marmelos: Chromatographic elucidation of polyphenolics and assessment of antioxidant and cytotoxic potential. Phcog Mag [serial online] 2017 [cited 2022 Oct 6 ];13:791-800
Available from: http://www.phcog.com/article.asp?issn=0973-1296;year=2017;volume=13;issue=52;spage=791;epage=800;aulast=Mujeeb;type=0