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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 57  |  Page : 358-362

Ginsenoyne C, a polyacetylene isolated from Panax Ginseng inhibit inflammatory mediators via regulating extracellular regulated kinases signaling

1 Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Sunchon National University, 255 Jungangno, Suncheon-si 57922, Jeonnam, Republic of Korea
2 Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy and Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Seoul National University, 599 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea

Correspondence Address:
Mina Lee
College of Pharmacy, Sunchon National University, 255 Jungangno, Suncheon-si 57922, Jeonnam
Republic of Korea
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/pm.pm_58_18

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Background: Panax ginseng has been used as a traditional medicine for various pathological conditions. Ginsenoyne C (GSC) is a polyacetylene, minor constituent. Objective: The objective of the present study was to determine the anti-inflammatory activities of GSC for the protection of inflammation. Materials and Methods: The effects of GSC on cell viability and nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)–induced RAW 264.7 cells were investigated through MTT assay and the Griess reaction, respectively. The levels of inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL-1β) and IL-6 and inducible NO synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and pERK were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot analysis, respectively. Results: GSC suppressed NO production in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells. GSC suppressed the production of inflammatory mediators through downregulating phosphorylation of extracellular regulated kinases signaling in LPS-induced RAW 264.7. Conclusion: GSC has a potential therapeutic agent for protection of inflammation. Abbreviation used: CCK: Cell counting kit; COX-2: Cyclooxygenase-2; ELISA: Enzyme linked-immunosorbent assay; ERK: Extracellular regulated kinases; FBS: Fetal bovine serum; FEG: Fermented ginseng extract; GSC: Ginsenoyne C; IL: Interleukin; iNOS: Inducible nitric oxide synthase; LPS: Lipopolysaccharide; MAPK: Mitogen-activated protein kinases; NO: Nitric oxide; PVDF: Polyvinylidene difluoride; SDS-PAGE: Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis

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