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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 52  |  Page : 756-761

In vitro Cytotoxicity and apoptotic assay in HT-29 cell line using Ficus hispida Linn: Leaves extract

Department of Biotechnology, Dr. M.G.R. Educational and Research Institute University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Natarajan Sudhakar
Department of Biotechnology, Dr. M.G.R Educational and Research Institute University, Maduravoyal, Chennai - 600 095, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-1296.224312

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Background: Ficus hispida Linn. (Family Moraceae), well-known beneficial medicinal shrub, has been traditionally used for the treatment of various diseases such as leukoderma. Objective: The aim of the present study is to investigate the efficacy of F. hispida ethanolic leaves extract for antiproliferative, apoptotic, cell cycle blockade, and wound healing. Materials and Methods: F. hispida leaves extract was treated with colorectal adenocarcinoma cancer cell line HT29 for 24 h with control. The cells were treated at varying concentration ranges of 15, 31, 62, 125, and 250 μg/ml each The cytotoxicity effect of leaves extract was studied by 3-[4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2, 5 diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay and their anticancer activity was further evaluated using cell cycle analysis and wound scratch assay. Results: The end antiproliferative result showed that HT-29 cell viability decreases in a concentration-dependent manner and the growth inhibitory effect (IC50) values are obtained at a concentration of 125 μg. The increase in number of apoptotic cell was observed after treating HT-29 cells with the sample in double-staining methods. G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle was significantly blocked by the test sample followed by the G2/M phase in a negligible manner. In vitro cell wound closure or contracture was not significant when compared the sample against control group. Conclusion: F. hispida Linn. ethanolic leaves extract had shown to possess excellent cytotoxic effect through inducing apoptosis, especially causing cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase. Abbreviations used: HT 29: Human adenocarcinoma colorectal cell line; PBS: Phosphate Buffered Saline; FBS: Fetal Bovine Serum; DMEM: Dulbecco's Modified Eagles Medium; MTT: 3 [4, 5 dimethylthiazol 2 yl] 2, 5 diphenyltetrazolium bromide; NCCS: National Centre for Cell Sciences; DMSO: DiMethyl SulfOxide; PI: Propidium Iodide; AO: Acridine Orange;EB: Ethidium Bromide; IC: Inhibitory Concentration.

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