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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 52  |  Page : 542-552

Biological activities and cytotoxicity of Eperua oleifera Ducke oil-resin

1 Biological Activity Laboratory, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Federal University of Amazonas, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil
2 Chemistry Department, Exact Sciences Institute, Federal University of Amazonas, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil
3 Laboratory of Microbiology, Parasitology and Hygiene, University of Antwerp, B2610 Antwerp, Belgium

Correspondence Address:
Emerson Silva Lima
Laboratório de Atividade Biológica, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Manaus, Amazonas
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/pm.pm_552_16

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Background: The oil-resin of Eperua oleifera Ducke has been used in popular medicine similarly to the copaiba oil (Copaifera spp.). Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effects of the acid fraction of E. oleifera oil-resin (AFEOR) on cell proliferation, collagen production in human fibroblasts, inhibition of metalloproteinases, and cytotoxicity against tumor cell lines. Materials and Methods: Acid fraction of E. oleifera was fractionated in the ion exchange column chromatography. Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity were evaluated by Alamar Blue® and Cometa assay. The inhibition of metalloproteinases was performed by zymography and Western blotting. Results: The predominant acidic diterpenes in the AFEOR were copalic and hardwickiic acids. AFEOR caused morphology alteration and decrease of proliferation at concentrations higher than 5 μg/mL. It also caused significant collagen proliferation in fibroblasts. It showed cytotoxicity against tumoral and nontumoral cell lines, with IC50values ranging from 13 to 50 μg/mL, and a hemolytic activity with an IC50value of 38.29 μg/mL. AFEOR inhibited collagenase activity, with an IC50value of 46.64 μg/mL, and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 in HaCaT cells or MMP-1 expression in MRC-5 cells. AFEOR induced genotoxicity in MRC-5 cells with a DNA damage index between 40% and 60% when compared to the negative controls (0%–20%). Conclusion: For the first time, biological activities from oil-resin E. oleifera demonstrated ratifying somehow its popular use. Abbreviations used: AFEOR: Eperua oleifera oil-resin.

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