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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 19  |  Page : 209-212 Table of Contents     

Galangoisoflavonoid Isolated from Rhizomes of Alpinia Galanga

1 S. N. Institute of pharmacy, Pusad, Amravati University, MS, 445 204, India
2 Ram-eesh Institute of Vocational and Technical education, Knowledge park —II, Greater Noida, UP, 201 306, India
3 Department of Pharmacognosy, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, 110 062, India
4 Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, NIET, Knowledge park —II, Greater Noida, UP, 201 306, India

Date of Submission20-Jan-2009
Date of Decision12-May-2009
Date of Acceptance10-Jun-2009
Date of Web Publication29-Dec-2009

Correspondence Address:
S B Jaju
S. N. Institute of pharmacy, Pusad, Amravati University, MS, 445 204
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Galangoisoflavonoside was isolated from the rhizomes of Alpinia galanga. Methanolic extract of Alpinia galanga was subjected to column chromatography and eluted with ethyl acetate-methanol (9:1) to yield compound (AG 12) Galangoisoflavonoside. The structure of newer compound was elucidated by various spectral techniques (UV, IR, 1 HNMR, 13 CNMR, and MS). Chemical investigation of the methanolic extract of the rhizomes of Alpinia galanga furnished a new flavonoid (AG 12) Galangoisoflavonoside. Isolation of compound (AG 12) Galangoisoflavonoside in Alpinia galanga rhizomes is being reported for the first time.

Keywords: Alpinia galanga, Galangoisoflavonoside, methanolic extract

How to cite this article:
Jaju S B, Indurwade N H, Sakarkar D M, Fuloria N K, Ali M, Basu S P. Galangoisoflavonoid Isolated from Rhizomes of Alpinia Galanga. Phcog Mag 2009;5:209-12

How to cite this URL:
Jaju S B, Indurwade N H, Sakarkar D M, Fuloria N K, Ali M, Basu S P. Galangoisoflavonoid Isolated from Rhizomes of Alpinia Galanga. Phcog Mag [serial online] 2009 [cited 2022 Sep 30];5:209-12. Available from: http://www.phcog.com/text.asp?2009/5/19/209/58161

   Introduction Top

Alpinia galanga is a perennial herb with rhizomatous root stocks and tall leafy stems belonging Zingiberaceae family, commonly known as greater galangal [1],[2] . This plant is well known for its richness in essential oils such as cin­eole, methyl cinnamate, myrecene, and methyl eugenol. This plant is also reported to contain various flavones like galangin, alpinin, kampferide and 3-dioxy-4-methoxy flavone [3],[4] . Alpinia galanga is known to possess anti­microbial activity, antioxidant activity, antifungal activity, anti-cancer activity, and gastroprotective activity [5],[6],[7] . Present paper reports the isolation of flavone glycoside and structural determination evidences by means of vari­ous spectroscopic methods like UV, IR, NMR and Mass.

   Materials and Methods Top


Melting point was determined in open capillary and is uncorrected. IR spectra were recorded using KBR pellets, recorded on Jasco FTIR-550 spectrophotometer. IH NMR and 13 C NMR spectra were recorded on Bruker DPX 300 Hz and Mass spectra on FAB-JEOL-MS 303 system. Purity of isolated compound was checked by TLC aluminium sheets -Silica gel 60 F254 (0.2 mm).


The dried rhizomes of Alpinia galanga (Zingiberaceae), collected in Pusad province of India were identified by Prof. Anjula Pandey, Taxonomist, National bureau of plant genetic resources, PUSA, New Delhi. A voucher specimen No. EP-542 is deposited in the Natural Medicine Research Center of this Institute.

Extraction and isolation

Dried, ground rhizome of Alpinia galanga (3000 g) was defatted with petroleum ether, and successively extracted with methanol using soxhlet apparatus. The methanolic extract was evaporated to yield a dark brown solid (35g), which was subjected to Si-gel column chromatography (100-120mesh) eluted with, EtOAc-MeOH (9:1) to give compound AG 12 (360mg ).

   Results Top

The methanolic extract was column chromatographed over silica gel using EtOAc-MeOH (9:1) as eluants to yield Compound AG 12 as galangoflavonoside, was obtained as a pale yellow crystalline mass. It responded positively to the tests of flavonoid glycosides. Compound AG 12 showed Rf value of 0.57 in EtOAc-MeOH (99:1) solvent system. Its Melting point was determined by open capillary method and it was recorded as mp. 188 °C-190°C, is uncorrected. IR bands 3416, 3355, 3260, 2924, 1725, 1651, 1559, 1516 and 1040 cm-1. Positive FAB-MS m/z 1742 (M)+ (C17 H114 O14), 648 (12.3), 486 (10.4), 397 (31.6), 324 (11.5), 281 (25.9), 265 (20.6), 184 (16.3), 163 (32.2), 133 (65.1), 118 (62.7), 93 (67.8). 1H-NMR and 13 C-NMR data: [Table 1].

   Discussion Top

Compound AG 12 designated as galangoflavonoside was obtained as pale yellow crystals. On the basis of the mass spectral fragmentation pattern, its molecular formula was established as C59H114O14. The characteristic UV spectrum UV λmax MeOH: 257 nm (log ε 5.3), λmax MeOH + NaOAc: 256 nm, λmax MeOH l + NaOme: 250 nm, λmax MeOH + AlCl3: 269 nm suggesting flavone nature of the molecule. Its IR spectrum showed characteristic absorption bands for hydroxyl groups (3416, 3355, 3260 cm-1) and ester group (1725 cm-1).

The 1 HNMR spectrum of compound AG 12, showed the signals at δ 7.13 (br, H-2), δ 7.03 (m, H-2') and δ 6.70 (m, H-6'), 6.50 (m, H-3'), 6.50(m, H-5'), 5.31,(Vinylic [Additional file 1] 2H, m, H-9''), 5.29 (Vinylic 5H, m, H-10'') and two (one proton) doublets for C-2'' methylene protons adjacent to the ester linkage at δ 2.51 and δ 2.49. A three protons triplet at δ 0.88 (J=11.3 Hz) was accounted to C-18'' terminal primary methyl protons. Signals appeared at δ 5.36 (2H, m) and δ 5.33 (2H, m) were accounted to δ C-9'' and δ C-10'' vinylic protons respectively. The remaining methylene protons appeared between δ 1.99-1.22. The anomeric protons resonated as multiplets between δ 5.00-4.98. The other sugar protons appeared in the range of δ 4.25-3.13. The signals for flavone ring carbons appeared between δ 166.52-103.58. The signals for other sugar carbons appeared in the range of δ 82.81 - 60.03. Acid hydrolysis of compound AG 12 yielded oleic acid, D-glucose, arabinose and the isoflavone aglycone. On the basis of spectral data analysis and chemical reactions structure of compound AG 12 has been elucidated 5, 6, 7, 8, 4'-pentahydroxy isoflavone-6-(9''octadecenoate)-7-[β-D-glucopyranosyl-(G-2.G-1')-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(G-2' . G-1'')-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(G-2''.G-1''')-β-D-glucopyranosyl]4'-[β-L-arabinofuranosyl-(A-2.A-1')-β-L-arabinofuranosyl-(A-2'.A-1'')β-L-arabinofuranosyl (A-2' . A-1''')- β-L-arabinofuranoside

   Conclusion Top

The present study deals with isolation and structural elucidation of a newer flavone compound AG 12 designated galangoflavonoside for the first time. After observing the UV, IR, 1 H-NMR, 13 CNMR and MASS data, also chemical test results for compound AG 12, it is concluded that the elucidated structure is in full agreement with all analytical data. Further pharmacological investigations are in progress to study biological activity of isolated compounds

   Acknowledgments Top

Authors are highly grateful to Dr. N. J. Duragkar and Dr. Rashmi Shukla for their valuable support and suggestions. Also thanks are due to CDRI Luknow, IIT, Delhi and Arbro Pharmaceuticals, Delhi for carrying out spectral analysis of compounds.

   References Top

1.Kirtikar K.R., Basu B.D., Indian medicinal plants, (Deraduhun International Book Distributor 1996) 2445.  Back to cited text no. 1      
2.Asolkar L.V., Kakkar K.K., Chakre O.J. Second Supplement to "Glossary of Indian Medical Plants with active principles. Part - I (A-K) National institute of science communication, CSIR publication, 1992) 50-51.  Back to cited text no. 2      
3.ChadhaY.R., The Wealth of India (Raw materials), Vol I, (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi, revised edition 2003) 196.  Back to cited text no. 3      
4.Rastogi R.P., Mehrotra B.N., Compendium of Indian Medicinal plants 1970-1979, vol .2, (National institute of science communication, CSIR, New Delhi, reprint 2006) 33.  Back to cited text no. 4      
5.Janssen A.M., Scheffer J.C.. Acetoxychavicol acetate an antifungal compo­nent of Alpinia galanga. Planta Medica 6 :507-511 (1985)  Back to cited text no. 5      
6.Jirawan O., Tomoko S.. Antimicrobial properties and action of galanga (Alpinia galanga Linn.) on Staphylococcus aureus. LWT-Food and Sci. Tech. 39 : 1214-1220 (2006)  Back to cited text no. 6      
7.Matsuda H., Morikawa. Gastro protective effects of phenyl propanoids from the rhizomes of Alpinia galanga in rats: structural requirements and mode of action. European J Pharmacol. 471 : 59-67 (2005)  Back to cited text no. 7      


  [Table 1]

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